Fishing in Lake Baikal

Fishing in Lake Baikal: A Guide to the World’s Deepest and Oldest Lake



Lake Baikal is a huge freshwater lake in Russia. It is known as the deepest and oldest lake in the world. The lake is also home to over 50 species of fish, making it a popular destination for fishing enthusiasts. In this guide, we will discuss everything you need to know about fishing in Lake Baikal.

The Importance of Fishing in Lake Baikal

Fishing is an essential part of the local culture and economy around Lake Baikal. It is also a popular activity for tourists and locals alike. Fishing in Lake Baikal offers the opportunity to catch various fish species while enjoying the beautiful scenery and unique ecosystem of the lake.

Types of Fish Found in Lake Baikal

Lake Baikal is home to various fish species, each with unique characteristics and behaviors. Some of the most popular fish species in Lake Baikal include:



The omul is a type of salmon that is exclusive to Lake Baikal. It is known for its rich flavor and is a favorite among locals and tourists. The omul can grow up to 70 centimeters in length and can be caught using various fishing techniques.


The perch is a popular fish species in Lake Baikal and can be caught using a variety of fishing techniques. The perch is known for its aggressive behavior and can be found in shallow waters during the summer months.


The pike is another popular fish species in Lake Baikal and is known for its aggressive behavior and large size. The pike can grow to be up to 1.5 meters long, and there are many ways to catch it.


The grayling is a popular fish species in Lake Baikal and can be caught using fly-fishing techniques. The grayling is known for its striking appearance and is a favorite among fly fishing enthusiasts.


Whitefish are a popular type of fish in Lake Baikal, and there are many ways to catch them. Whitefish is a favorite among local fishermen because it has a mild flavor and is easy to cook.

Fishing Regulations and Permits

There are rules about fishing in Lake Baikal, and you need a permit to fish there. To protect the lake’s delicate ecosystem, it is important to follow all rules. Different types of fishing permits cost different amounts and can be bought in different places around the lake.

There are various types of permits available, including:

Recreational fishing permit: This permit lets you fish for personal use, but you can’t fish for money with it.

Sport fishing permit: This permit allows you to participate in fishing tournaments or competitions.

Professional fishing permit: This permit is required for commercial fishing operations and is subject to strict regulations.

Accommodation and Travel Options for Fishing in Lake Baikal

If you’re planning a fishing trip to Lake Baikal, there are several accommodation and travel options to consider:

Around Lake Baikal, there are many different places to stay, from hostels that are easy on the wallet to high-end resorts. Some of the popular options include guesthouses, cabins, and hotels. If you’re planning on camping, there are several campsites available as well. It is recommended to book your accommodation in advance, especially during peak season.

Travel: There are several ways to reach Lake Baikal, depending on where you are coming from. If you’re flying, the nearest airport is in Irkutsk, which is about an hour’s drive from the lake. You can also take a train from Moscow to Irkutsk, which takes about 3 days. Once you arrive in Irkutsk, you can take a bus, taxi, or hire a car to reach the lake.

Guided Tours: If you’re not familiar with the area or don’t want to plan your trip, there are several guided tours available. These tours typically include transportation, accommodation, and fishing equipment rental. They also offer the services of experienced guides who can help you navigate the lake and find the best fishing spots.

Self-Guided Tours: If you prefer to plan your own trip, there are several websites and resources available that can help you plan your itinerary. You can rent a car or a bicycle and explore the lake at your own pace. Make sure to research the best fishing spots and the fishing regulations before setting out.

Safety Precautions: It is important to take safety precautions when fishing in Lake Baikal. Make sure to bring warm clothing, as the temperature can drop quickly even in the summer. Always wear a life jacket when on a boat and stay away from areas with strong currents. If you’re planning on ice fishing, make sure to check the thickness of the ice and bring an ice auger and safety picks.

For those planning a fishing trip to Lake Baikal, there are several places to stay and ways to get there. Whether you prefer a guided tour or a self-guided tour, make sure to take safety precautions and research the fishing regulations before setting out.

Best Time for Fishing in Lake Baikal

The best time for fishing in Lake Baikal varies depending on the season. During the summer months, the water is warmer, and the fish tend to be deeper in the lake. Winter is the best time for ice fishing when the ice is thick enough to walk on. The best time of day for fishing is early morning or late afternoon, when the fish are most active.

Early morning and late evening are the best times of day for fishing, as the fish are most active during these times. It’s important to pay attention to the weather, because fishing during a storm can be dangerous and is not a good idea.

Fishing Techniques

Fishing in Lake Baikal can be a unique experience due to the diverse fish species found in the lake. Each fish species has its own behavior and feeding habits, which require specific techniques to catch them. Here are some of the popular fishing techniques used in Lake Baikal:

Ice Fishing:

Ice fishing is the most popular fishing technique used in Lake Baikal, especially during the winter season when the lake is frozen. Anglers drill holes into the ice and drop their fishing lines into the water. The key to successful ice fishing is to find the right spot and depth where the fish are most active.


Jigging is a technique that involves using a jig or lure to attract fish. The lure is put in the water and then raised and lowered to move like a fish. This method is especially good for catching omul, which is a popular fish in Lake Baikal.


Trolling involves dragging a lure or bait behind a moving boat. This technique is often used to catch larger fish species such as the Taimen or Lenok. Anglers need to adjust the speed and depth of the lure to attract the fish.


To spin, you throw a light lure or bait into the water and then bring it back to you. This technique requires some skill and precision to imitate the movement of prey effectively. It is particularly effective for catching grayling, a popular fish species in Lake Baikal.

Fly Fishing:

Fly fishing is a technique that involves using a fly or bait to imitate the movement of insects on the water’s surface. This technique is particularly effective for catching trout and grayling. Fly fishing requires skill and patience and is a popular technique among experienced anglers.

Regardless of the fishing technique, it is important to follow safety precautions when fishing in Lake Baikal. Always wear warm clothing, bring plenty of food and water, and be aware of any changes in weather conditions. Anglers can have a successful and fun time fishing in Lake Baikal if they use the right techniques and follow safety rules.

Fishing Equipment for Lake Baikal

When it comes to fishing in Lake Baikal, having the right equipment is crucial to your success. Here are some of the essential fishing equipment you will need:

Fishing Rod: A good quality fishing rod is essential for a successful fishing trip in Lake Baikal. You will need a rod that can handle the weight of the fish you are targeting. Spinning rods are the most commonly used type of rod in Lake Baikal due to their versatility and ease of use.

Fishing Reel: A fishing reel is attached to the fishing rod and helps you reel in the line when you catch a fish. You will need a reel that is suitable for the type of fishing you are doing and can handle the weight of the fish.

Fishing Line: Fishing line is what connects the bait or lure to the rod and reel. In Lake Baikal, anglers typically use monofilament or braided line, which has higher strength and durability compared to other types of fishing line.

Lures and Baits: Lures and baits are used to attract fish to your line. The type of lure or bait you use will depend on the type of fish you are targeting. For example, if you are targeting omul, you may want to use a small spoon lure, while for taimen, you may want to use a larger baitfish.

Hooks: Hooks are used to secure the bait or lure to the line. You will need hooks that are appropriate for the size of the fish you are targeting. Circle hooks are a popular choice among anglers in Lake Baikal as they reduce the chance of gut hooking fish.

Fishing Floats: Fishing floats are used to keep the bait or lure at a specific depth in the water. They also help you detect when a fish is biting.

Fishing Nets: Fishing nets are used to help you land and safely release fish. In Lake Baikal, anglers typically use landing nets made from rubber or nylon.

When packing your fishing equipment, make sure to bring spare lines, hooks, and lures in case of breakages or losses. It is also important to keep your equipment in good shape so that it lasts and works well.


Fishing in Lake Baikal is a unique and exciting experience, and it is an opportunity that should not be missed by any fishing enthusiast. Lake Baikal is a must-see for any fisherman because of its diverse ecosystem, large number of fish species, and unique fishing spots. It is important to follow all regulations and permits, respect the environment, and enjoy the beauty of Lake Baikal’s natural landscape.

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